On Friday 18 October 1889, tucked away on page seven of the Melbourne Argus, an announcement – the appointment of 35-year-old Captain F.S.L. Penno as assistant adjutant-general in the Victorian Military Forces.
Gustav Adolph (Gus) Ebeling was born at Percydale in the Pyrenees Ranges of the central Victorian goldfields on 5 March 1871.
With the declaration of peace with Russia in April. 1856, the tension in military affairs was relaxed, but the erection of the Victoria Barracks and the two batteries for harbour protection at Sandridge and Williamstown had been commenced. In May H.M. sloop Victoria arrived, and was placed under the command of Captain Norman.
Following his arrival in London in late 1884, and understanding that Russian warships armed with highly effective Krupp guns were likely to be the principal foe of the Australian colonies, Major General Scratchley sought to gain approval from the War Office to purchase of a range of Breech-Loading guns for Victoria.
In December 1879 the guns at Queenscliff were dismounted to allow for the commencement of permanent fortification works and it was also decided that the four gun 80-pdr sandbag battery at Point Nepean was to be enlarged to six 80-pdr guns – with four of the guns to be replaced with heavier 10-inch RML ordnance, […]
This book is a biography of Humphrey James, who was born on 17 July 1831 in County Carlow, Ireland.
The author believes there are no previous in-depth examination of the two temporary sand-bag gun batteries constructed at Point Nepean during 1878-1882. Utilizing contemporary newspaper descriptions and five 1882 Fort Nepean drawings from the Australian National Archives collection, this article provides a comprehensive description of these two significant 19th Century defence works.
The purpose of this work revealed in his earlier publication Military Law in The Twentieth Century – The Development of a Common Disciplinary Code was the first in what might have been a trilogy covering three eras of Military Discipline in Australia.